The species which Jonathan mentions are certainly not particularly early flowerers in my collection, except for M. plumosa, which does form buds in winter, but the flowers never open. The reason is that my greenhouses are quite cold in the winter, too cold for plumosa buds/flowers to develop/open. Many of my mammillarias even get an occasional frost, just like many of them get in nature. The very cold sensitive mammillarias are brought into my house in November (beneckei, guerreronis), somewhat cold sensitive species are brought into my house when a frost period is there, and the others only when the frost goes to -5 C or lower for a series of nights. If it is that cold for just 1 or 2 nights then I use an electric heater to keep the temperature around 0 C.
M. senilis has stayed in my greenhouse this whole winter and it has gotten a few frosts of -8 and -9 C. Soem buds already became visible in November, but my senilis will not flower before April.
Some friends of mine live 30 km from here, and they keep their greenhouse at a minimum of 12 C. Their plants flower at least one month earlier than mine. So, the warmer the greenhouse in winter, the earlier the mammis will flower.
Wolter, in the north of The Netherlands.